Today is the first celebration of World Day against trafficking in person. Human trafficking is not challenge that has just surfaced. Remotely, it has started long before the middle Twenty first Century. The World Day against Human trafficking is aim at ‘redoubling’ efforts to raise awareness and end this bad habit.
According to United Nations statistics, average of 2.4 Million people are being trafficked at any given time with about 80% of them for sex trade or related cases.
But for United States Department, it was estimated that as many as 820,000 men, women and children are trafficked in the world every year. Eighty per cent are women and girls and up to 50 per cent are minors.
Despite UNODC’s efforts in helping to draft laws and create comprehensive national anti-trafficking strategies, it has also helped in assisting with resources to implement them. Many States have also received specialized assistance including the development of local capacity and expertise.
To put this evil against humanity in perspective, United Nations through its articles on Protocol defines human trafficking as the illegal movement of people, typically for the purposes of forced labour or commercial sexual exploitation. It better captured this with the following words ‘it is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by means of threat or the use of force or other means of coercion, of abduction or fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or a position of vulnerability or the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include at a minimum, prostitution or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practice similar to slavery, servitude’. So a deliberate attempt to trade in human with a profit motive is against all forms Universal human rights.
Another online source(Wikipedia) also state some of the purposes of human trafficking when it states ‘most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others; or for the extraction of organs or tissues, including surrogacy and ova removal; or for providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally.
Since poverty is often at the foundation of this act,though there may be other reasons, this explains why this act common in the poorest regions of the world. So places like Africa, South America, East Asia are mostly identified by www.humantrafficking.com as major actors in this act. One other actor is the level of illiteracy in most of these Countries. No wonder it has been suggested that education is one of the major cure against this act of injustice to humans.
With this stated, the followings are some of the economic disadvantages of traffic in person(whether women or children). The highlighted reasons also should discourage perpetrators.
Abuse of fundamental right: By whatever name it is called, human trafficking is a flagrant abuse of human rights. When human rights are abused, several economic factors are also affected as it tends to undermine maximum productivity.
Social problem: At long run, traffic in person creates several social problems that will require government attention and spending. The trafficked persons always feel a level of emptiness that may require lots of psychological attention.
It devalues the potential of the individual: any activity or process that devalues human potential will always affect their optimum performance. Human trafficking in person devalues the level of self esteem an individual has on his/herself.
We call on all the stakeholders to join hands in stopping this evil against humanity on this special day and occasion.